Alder Buckthorn

Frangula alnus M.


NATURE deciduous tree
LEAF singular leaf
  Leaf edge: whole
Leaf shape: oval
Nervation: feather-veined
FRUIT drupe (no berry!)
Medical value: Fresh bark causes severe vomiting, diarrhoea and stomachache.
Use: The fruit deliver a blue-grey pigment. The wood can be used to fabricate high quality charcoal that was formerly used in the manufacturing of gunpowder.


Bloom. All months in which we can find blooming specimens. Regional differences may occur.
Harvest Time. All months in which we can find ripe fruits on trees. Unripe fruit can be found earlier on trees and shrubs. Sometimes even throughout the year, as happens with trees such as pines, this fruit ripens over several years.
Both flowers and ripe fruit may occur at the same time in some months.